salutes Major Taylor
World-class cyclist to
help honor Worcester legend
By Mark Conti
Worcester Telegram, May 18, 2008
Quicker than a kangaroo, Nelson “the Cheetah” Vails jumped at the
opportunity to race in Australia. When the Harlem native was invited to
compete in a series of track cycling races Down Under in 1985, more
than 80 years after Marshall W. “Major” Taylor made his first trip to
Australia, he was more focused on winning races than succeeding the
1899 world champion.
“I was told I was following in his footsteps,” said Vails, the first
black cyclist to compete at the world-class level since Major Taylor.
“It was cool. It was good. I can appreciate that now, but at the time I
was just a kid racing.”
In 1984, Vails, who was called “the Cheetah” because he was the fastest
cat on the track, captured the silver medal in the individual
1,000-meter sprint at the Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. A
promoter subsequently invited him to Australia to race at velodromes
across the country, much like Major Taylor had done at the turn of the
In the land of marsupials — kangaroos, koalas and wombats — the Cheetah
was the star. Vails went from track to track, racing the champion of
each venue. The tour promoted Vails as the next Major Taylor and
described the event as retracing Taylor’s footsteps, including a race
in Sydney, where Taylor’s wife, Daisy, gave birth to a daughter. She
was named Sydney, after the city.
As he traveled from Queensland to Tasmania, Vails heard Australian
cycling enthusiasts talk about the achievements of Major Taylor and he
was amazed how much they knew about “the Worcester Whirlwind.”
Vails had heard comparisons to Major Taylor since he began winning
races at T-Town, the Lehigh County Velodrome in Trexlertown, Pa., but
the significance would not sink in for years to come.
“People would always say, ‘Do you know of Major Taylor? You could be
like that someday,’ ” said Vails, who will be attending the Major
Taylor statue dedication with many other cycling legends Wednesday at
the Worcester Public Library.
“I was an African-American cyclist hearing stories about someone before
me. People were saying you could follow in his footsteps. I was young,
I thought, yeah, that’s great,” Vails said. “It was really hard for me
to harness until I realized I could be good at this.”
Vails, a former New York City bike messenger who played a messenger in
the 1986 film “Quicksilver” with Kevin Bacon, began to realize his
world class abilities in the early 1980s, when he went from New York
state sprint champion to a national championship contender. Vails would
go on to win a gold medal at the Pan American Games in 1983, a silver
medal at the ’84 Olympics, national championships in ’84 and ’85, and a
silver medal at the ’85 world championships in Italy, among other
Though he was competing at a level Taylor dominated, Vails would never
face the widespread racism confronted by the “Colored Cyclone,” as
Taylor was sometimes called.
“He did it before anyone. He accomplished something that black athletes
won’t touch,” Vails said.
Taylor, who was given the nickname “Major” because he wore a military
uniform while performing bicycle stunts outside an Indianapolis bike
shop as a teenager, moved from Indianapolis to Worcester with his
employer and racing manager Louis “Birdie” Munger in 1895. Munger
planned to establish a bicycle factory in Worcester but the move was
also made because Massachusetts was considered a more tolerant region
in the era of Jim Crow segregation.
In his autobiography written in 1929, Taylor wrote: “I was in Worcester
only a short time before I realized that there was no such race
prejudice existing among the bicycle riders there as I had experienced
Taylor was refused entry in some races, and experienced threats and
assaults from white riders, but he refused to get dragged down by the
bias. He went on to set seven world records and win the 1-mile world
championship in Montreal in 1899, not long removed from the Civil War
and decades before Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in Major
League Baseball in 1947.
“I can see him excelling in that because he could. It was naturally
easy for him because he seems to have been strong-minded,” Vails said
“I never had to deal with any hurdles like that in all my travels,” he
Though he didn’t face the racism of Taylor’s era, Vails said he was the
only black competing at the national and international level when he
was racing. After competing in races with other black cyclists at
Central Park and Prospect Park in Brooklyn, Vails found he was the only
black racer at the world-class level.
“It was never a black and white thing for me,” Vails said. “I wasn’t
raised that way. I never had that issue. I never had a racial issue the
entire time I was racing.”
“People would say ‘doesn’t it feel strange to be the only black
cyclist,’ but I never looked at it that way,” Vails said.
Vails said he has learned a lot about Major Taylor over the years,
especially when he raced in the Major Taylor Velodrome in Indianapolis.
He is looking forward to seeing the statue of Major Taylor unveiled in
Worcester and considers any comparison to him a great compliment.
“It’s pretty neat to be mentioned in the same sentence as Major Taylor.
It’s an honor,” Vails said. “I did it for the love of the sport not
because I was trying to follow in his footsteps. If he was alive at the
time, it would have been nice to have him see me compete.”
In returning to Central Massachusetts, Vails recalled that he competed
in the Fitchburg Longsjo Classic at least three of four times and
believes he won it as a Category 3 racer in the early 1980s.
The statue dedication will take place at noon Wednesday at the
Worcester Public Library at 3 Salem Square. Also attending the event
will be three-time Tour de France winner Greg LeMond, former “Raleigh
Boys” Bill Humphreys and John Howard, three-time Olympic medalist Edwin
Moses, some of Major Taylor’s relatives, as well as state and local
officials. There will also be a panel discussion at 7 p.m. at the
library on “Race, Sports and Major Taylor’s Legacy.”